43rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry

Col. Joseph L. Kirby Smith, 1st colonel of 43rd OVI (1862)

Col. Wager Swayne, 43rd OVI (1862-65)

The 43rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry was organized at Camp Andrews in Mount Vernon, Ohio from September 28, 1861 through February 1, 1862. The regiment mustered in for 3 years service under the command of Colonel Joseph L. Kirby Smith, and served in the Army of the Mississippi’s “Ohio Brigade,” under Col. John Fuller, with the 27th, 39th, and 63rd Ohio regiments. The 43rd transferred to the Army of theTennessee in late 1862. In late 1863, the majority of the regiment re-enlisted for 3 years.

 

Battles:

Battle of Island No. 10

Siege of Corinth

Battle of Iuka

Second Battle of Corinth

Atlanta Campaign

Battle of Resaca

Battle of Dallas

Battle of New Hope Church

Battle of Allatoona

Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

Battle of Atlanta

Siege of Atlanta

Battle of Jonesboro

Battle of Lovejoy’s Station

Sherman’s March to the Sea

Carolinas Campaign

Battle of Bentonville

Casualties:

The 43rd Ohio Infantry lost a total of 256 men; 4 officers and 61 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 189 enlisted men died of disease. The regiment mustered out of service at Louisville, Kentucky on July 13, 1865.

43rd OVI Itinerary:

1862

Feb. 21: Left Ohio for Commerce, Mo.

Mar. 3-14: Siege operations against New Madrid, Mo.

Mar. 14-April 8: Siege and capture of Island No. 10, Mississippi River, and capture of McCall’s forces at Tiptonville, Mo.

Apr. 13-17: Expedition to Fort Pillow, Tenn.

Apr. 18-22: Moved to Hamburg Landing, Tenn.

Apr. 29: Action at Monterey.

Apr. 19-May 30: Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss.

May 8: Reconnaissance toward Corinth.

May 30-June 12: Occupation of Corinth and pursuit to Booneville.

June 13-Sept. 11: Duty at Clear Creek until August 20, then at Bear Creek.

Sept. 19: Battle of Iuka, Miss.

Oct. 3-4:Battle of Corinth.

Oct. 5-12: Pursuit to Ripley.

Nov. 2, 1862-Jan. 12, 1863: Grant’s Central Mississippi Campaign.

1863

Jan. 12 – April: Duty at Corinth.

Apr. 15-May 8: Dodge’s Expedition to northern Alabama.

Apr. 22: Rock Cut, near Tuscumbia.

Apr. 23: Tuscumbia.

Apr. 28: Town Creek.

May-Oct.: Duty at Memphis, Tenn.

Oct. 1863-end of year: Duty at Prospect, Tenn.

1864

Jan.: Home furlough

Jan-Feb: Duty at Prospect, Tenn.

May 1-Sept: Atlanta Campaign.

May 8-13: Demonstrations on Resaca.

May 9: Sugar Valley, near Resaca.

May 13: Near Resaca.

May 14-15: Battle of Resaca

May 18-25: Advance on Dallas.

May 25-June 5: Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church, and Allatoona Hills.

June 10-July 2: Operations about Marietta and against Kennesaw Mountain.

June 27: Assault on Kennesaw.

July 2-5: Nickajack Creek.

July 3-4: Ruff’s Mills.

July 6-17: Chattahoochie River.

July 22: Battle of Atlanta.

July 22-Aug. 25: Siege of Atlanta.

Aug. 25-30: Flank movement on Jonesboro.

Aug. 32-Sept. 1: Battle of Jonesboro.

Sept. 2-6: Lovejoy’s Station.

Sept. 29-Nov. 3: Operations against Hood in northern Georgia and northern Alabama.

Nov. 15-Dec. 10: March to the Sea, in Georgia.

Dec. 9: Montieth Swamp.

Dec. 10-21: Siege of Savannah.

1865

Jan.-Apr.: Campaign of the Carolinas.

Jan. 20: Reconnaissance to the Salkehatchie River, S. C.

Feb. 2: Skirmishes at Rivers and Broxton Bridges, Salkehatchie River.

Feb. 3: Actions at Rivers Bridge, Salkehatchie River.

Feb. 9: Binnaker’s Bridge, South Edisto River.

Feb. 12-13: Orangeburg, North Edisto River.

Feb. 16-17: Columbia.

Mar. 3: Juniper Creek, near Cheraw.

Mar. 19-20: Battle of Bentonville, N.C.

Mar. 24: Occupation of Goldsboro.

Apr. 10-14: Advance on Raleigh.

Apr. 14: Occupation of Raleigh.

Apr. 26: Bennett’s House.

Apr. 29-May 22:  Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington,D.C., via Richmond, Va.

May 24: Grand Review of the Armies.

June: Moved to Louisville, Ky.

July 13: Regiment mustered out of service.

Organization:

The regiment was attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Mississippi, to March 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Mississippi, to April 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of the Mississippi, to November 1862. 1st Brigade, 8th Division, Left Wing, XIII Corps, Department of the Tennessee, to December 1862. 1st Brigade, 8th Division, XVI Corps, to March 1863. 4th Brigade, District of Corinth, Mississippi, 2nd Division, XVI Corps, to May 1863. 3rd Brigade, District of Memphis, Tennessee, 5th Division, XVI Corps, to November 1863. Fuller’s Brigade, 2nd Division, XVI Corps, to March 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps, to September 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVII Corps, to July 1865.

Stealing men’s hearts

In 1909, my great-grandfather Edwin Lybarger and his wife Nancy (Moore) traveled from Warsaw to Newark, Ohio for the GAR Encampment of Civil War veterans. They stayed with Uriah Brillhart and his wife Ida (Severn). The Brillhart family had lived in Spring Mountain, and Uriah would have been a young boy when Edwin returned in 1865 at the end of the war.

Among his papers, Edwin kept this old newspaper clipping:

“Capt. E. L. Lybarger at last is the possessor of a pretty little maltese kitten. For several years the Captain has been the lover of beautiful cats but could not keep them in his possession. He has bought them, had them given to him by the dozens but something happened to each of them, they either died or strayed away to some other place.

Capt. Lybarger was attending the G.A.R. encampment at Newark, Ohio this week and one day he was visiting at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Uriah Brillhart. The Brillharts owned a little maltese kitten which as soon as was seen by the captain captivated his heart. The Captain told Mr. Brillhart of his luck with cats and said that if he had any way of taking the kitten home with him that he would steal it. The conversation was then turned to other topics and the subject was dropped.

When the Capt. And Mrs. Lybarger were getting aboard their train for home Friday, Mr. Brillhart handed the general a small box saying that it was a souvenir of the encampment. After the train pulled out the box was opened and there snuggled up within the box was the baby cat. The captain carried the kitten home with him and it is now drinking milk and eating strawberry short cake.”

~ ~ ~ ~ 

Abraham Lincoln loved cats and could play with them for hours. When asked if her husband had a hobby, Mary Todd Lincoln replied, “cats.”

President Lincoln visited General Grant at City Point,Virginia in March of 1865. The Civil War was drawing to a close and the enormous task of reuniting the country lay ahead, yet the President made time to care for three orphaned kittens. Abraham Lincoln noticed three stray kittens in the telegraph hut. Picking them up and placing them in his lap, he asked about their mother. When the President learned that the kittens’ mother was dead, he made sure the kittens would be fed and a good home found for them.

Cast on 38 loops on each of 3 pins.

Pattern from Godey’s Lady’s Book, Jan. 1860

Materials: Six ounces of lambswool; 4 pins, No. 18.

Cast on 38 loops on each of three pins. Knit two plain, one pearl in every row. Knit till the work measures nine inches, narrowing five times in that space by knitting two stitches together on each side of the back seam; divide the loops in half, and form the heel thus: Place one half of the loops on one pin for the heel, the remainder on the two pins for the instep. Knit the loops on one pin for four inches, narrowing twice; knit to the back seam, divide the loops and cast off. Pick up the loops at each side of the heel, knit these with those for the instep. In the first round make a stitch after every third on the two side pins; in the next round, narrow by knitting the last on the side pin and the first on the instep in one; repeat at the other side of instep. Next round, plain. Repeat these two rounds fourteen times; then knit about eighty rounds; after which, narrow for the toe. Narrow three times at each side of the pins in every other round, till the whole are narrowed off the sole of the foot, and the last sixty rounds must be plain knitting.